I make no secret of the fact that I love technology - specifically, consumer technology. I am writing this now on my Samsung Galaxy Tablet which has almost become my primary device for interacting on the interweb and conducting my online life. When I'm not using the Tablet, I am sitting down with my Dell XPS M1530 laptop which is at the core of my career as an author in both the print and digital media. I make calls on my Samsung Omnia i8000 smart phone and listen to my favorite show Keith & The Girl using it in tandem with my Nokia BH-501 bluetooth headset. Just the other day, I bought the new Lego Star Wars 3 game for my Sony Playstation Portable console and my son and I have been having a huge amount of fun romping around in the Star Wars Lego universe. I could go on but, for the sake of your sanity, I'll surmise that you get the idea.
I love geeking out on the latest releases in the world of smart phone technology because I don't yet believe that I've seen a device that ticks every single box in terms of THEE feature set that I would love to see (although the Tablet comes really, really close). I love to play around with these new toys when I can afford to buy them or my cell phone provider encourages me to recontract with them - in which case I can usually score a new device for free (as part of said contract). I marvel at the advancements developers have made in their quest for faster, lighter, more powerful and more interactive. But I have given no thought to hands that have wrought these devices into being. The fingers that soldered the wires to the circuit boards or turned the tiny screws or packaged them into the boxes that take them from the factory to the retail outlets that whip their customers into a frenzy with the next anticipated release.
I subscribe to a magazine called New Internationalist which hits my letter box once a month. I always enjoy getting my copy. The New Internationalist takes a deeper look into the geopolitical climate globally and examines human rights issues, poverty, ethical industries, non ethical industries and global justice. And when it arrives each month, I love nothing more than to sit down with my copy in the afternoon and get right into reading it with a cup of coffee. Today was one such day.
And in my haven of deeper thought and focus upon the global issues that define my generation, I came across an article that stopped me in my tracks.
The article was about a corporation in China called Foxconn which is, apparently the largest manufacturer of consumer electronics in the world. Foxconn produces the iPhone, the iPad - both 1 and 2 - and its components can be found in computers and hardware and technology the world over. In fact, by the middle of 2011, Foxconn will have captured 50% of the global market in consumer electronics. I've no doubt that much of the compnentry inside my Samsung Tablet that I'm writing this on now came from Foxconn.
The article in the New Internationalist examined the working conditions inside Foxconn's Shenzhen factory, which is described as a city within a city, occupying some three square kilometers of Chinese real estate. Somewhere in the region of 1 million workers are employed by the corporation. They live and work in the factory and, according to the article, are ruled over by the corporation bosses like a super government that exerts absolute control over their lives.
Disturbingly, there has been a spate of suicides at the factory - 18 officially reported deaths in 2010 alone. Workers as young as 17 and no older than 25 have taken their own lives as a result of the draconian conditions they endure inside the factory.
Their every moment is monitored, tracked and watched over by a security service that would rival the Secret Service. They have strict production quotas to meet and the failure to meet those targets results in harsh disciplinary action which is often humiliating. They are forced to adhere to a strict regime of assembling before the bosses each day and declaring that they are good - "Very Good, Very Very Good" when asked by their bosses to state how they feel. Their work schedules are relentless, their pay pitiful and their lives monotonous, without hope or direction. In an interview with the magazine, workers - who spoke on the condition of anonymity - reported feelings of helplesness, of despondency and of feeling as though they have no future. These are workers with college educations, graduates who have studied to better themselves to seek a better life. They are not surprised that these feelings have lead some of their colleagues to resort to drastic and often tragic measures...
...All so that we in our comfortable western lives can line up in front of a local Apple store at 2 in the morning on release day for the latest iProduct...
Our insatiable appetite for 'the product' has contributed to this disturbing and tragic phenomenon and, having admitted to being a total tech geek, I myself feel part way responsible for it. As a writer who has, belatedly, embraced the idea of digital literature as a means of income and a portal for my published work, I am rendered uncomfortable by accounts like Foxconn's and it's workers. But I'm not about to lay down my Galaxy, Omnia 2, Sony PSP or Nokia headset in solidarity with these workers either, because I believe that would be counter productive.
The thing is, I appreciate the quality of the product that I hold in my hand and NI's article leads me to think about the hands that constructed this device. Despite China's rapid emergence as 'the' super power of the 21st century, there remains vast poverty and inequality among it's people. Jobs - occupations - are hungrily sought out by its citizens because the alternative to working would be desperate poverty, which is as bad as the situation that has been described in Foxconn's factory.
The solution is therefore simple. Our insatiable desire for cheaper and cheaper consumer electronics in the longer term is not sustainable, if we are to have any regard for the plight of workers at corporations like Foxconn. In fact, I think there is a moral and ethical imperative on our part to demand that we accept higher prices for these devices and ensure that the beneficiaries of our willingness to pay more are those very factory workers. Corporations like Foxconn should not be allowed to continue operating unchecked. It should be held acconutable for the deaths that have occurred inside its factory. 18 suicides in 1 year cannot ve dismissed out of hand. It chilled me, reading this article today and I had visions of scenes from George Lucas' 1970 film "THX-1138" where an entire society was depicted in very much the same Orwellian way that the NI article reported the conditions inside Foxconn.
And that was a work of fiction.
There are some encouraging signs of a fledging movement that is agitating for workers rights inside corporations like Foxconn but they are going up against not only a corporate behemoth but a Government whose track record on human rights is arguably, appalling. My conscience will very much form a part of my focus on promoting my written works in digital media. I believe the two can co-exist.
I encourage you to think deeper too, about the hands that constructed whatever device you are reading this article on right now. Would you be prepared to pay more? Would you be prepared to help defend the human rights of those hands?